Wednesday, July 27, 2016

Nicaragua: IADB Grants USD $60 Million for Geothermal Exploration

IADB plans to invest in geothermal energy exploration in Nicaragua (Lexology)

The Inter-American Development Bank (IADB) presented the proposal of carrying out a project of exploration and certification of geothermal energy reserves in the country.

Mr. Carlos Melo, IADBs representative in Nicaragua, has presented to the local media the proposal which aims to carry out a project of exploration and certification of geothermal reserves in the country. The purpose of the project is the promotion of the alternatives for the generation of renewable energy, as well as the consolidation of the sector and the promotion of foreign investment in the country.

Likewise, Mr. Melo has exposed that the project will have an approximate cost of up to USD $ 60 million dollars and that public and private partnerships are expected for its execution.

Read More........

Indonesia: Barriers to Development of 4,815 MW of Geothermal Resources by 2019

Indonesia's Geothermal Potential: A Legal Review (Renewable Energy World

(Courtesy CIA.gov)
Indonesia’s geothermal resources are among the largest in the world, with 299 geothermal locations and a total potential of 28,807 MW, or around 40 percent of the total geothermal resources worldwide, according to a September 2014 press release from Indonesia’s Directorate General of Geothermal. 

In order to utilize this enormous energy potential, the Government of Indonesia (GOI) has intensified its efforts to encourage geothermal power development. Some background to the regulatory climate will put these developments in perspective.

Despite the efforts by the Indonesian government to date, the geothermal sector in Indonesia is still underdeveloped. This is primarily the result of a number of outstanding challenges that have not yet been resolved by the GOI, particularly with respect to the feed-in tariff of geothermal electricity, which many investors consider unattractive in view of the high capital requirements needed to develop a geothermal working area in Indonesia. This factor alone may hinder the GOI’s efforts to add 35,000 MW of electricity throughout Indonesia by 2019, 4,815 MW of which is intended to come from geothermal resources, according to the Power Supply Provision Business Plan 2015-2019, as ratified by the Minister of Energy and Mineral Resources.

USA: DOE Grants $3 Million to Develop New Approaches to Characterize and Image Subsurface Geothermal Systems

DOE Investing $11.5 Million to Advance Geologic Carbon Storage and Geothermal Exploration (News Release)

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has announced the selection of eight new research and development projects to receive a total of $11.5 million in federal funding under DOE’s Subsurface Technology and Engineering Research, Development, and Demonstration Crosscut initiative.

The new projects are focused on furthering geothermal energy and carbon storage technologies, and will be funded by the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy’s Geothermal Technologies Office (GTO) and the Office of Fossil Energy’s (FE) Carbon Storage program.

The projects selected under the second objective will develop new approaches to characterize and image subsurface systems. 

 These projects are:
  • Development of a Novel, Near Real Time Approach to Geothermal Seismic Exploration and Monitoring via Ambient Seismic Noise Interferometry: Baylor University (Waco, TX), the University of Nevada–Reno, and Hi-Q Geophysical Inc.. DOE: $879,802.
  • Geothermal Fault Zone Dilatancy and Fluid Imaging through Integrated Geophysical, Geological, Geochemical and Probabilistic Analysis: The University of Utah (Salt Lake City, UT), Quantec Geoscience Inc., and Geotech Ltd.. DOE: $620,000.
  • A Novel Approach to Map Geothermal Permeability Using Passive Seismic Emission Tomography and Joint Inversion of Active Seismic and EM Data: U.S. Geothermal Inc. (Boise, ID), Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, and Optim Inc.. DOE: $1,497,016.

USA, Nevada: Tesla Expands Lithium-Ion Battery Production Facility

Tesla opens $5B car battery 'gigafactory' (CBC/Radio-Canada)

Location is strategically placed near sources of lithium in Nevada and Southern California that could be produced from geothermal brine.

(James Glover II/Reuters)
It's Tesla Motors' biggest bet yet: a massive, $5 billion factory in the Nevada desert that could nearly double the world's production of lithium-ion batteries.

Tesla officially opened its Gigafactory on Tuesday, a little more than two years after construction began. The factory is about 14 per cent complete, but when it's finished, it will be about 93 hectares (10 million square feet), or about the size of 262 NFL football fields. That will make it one of the largest buildings in the world.

The company says making its own lithium-ion batteries at the scale the Gigafactory will allow it to reduce its battery costs by more than a third by 2018.

Inside the factory, Tesla's partner, Panasonic Corp. — which has invested $1.6 billion US into the factory — is installing machines in sealed, humidity-controlled rooms that will start making battery cells before the end of this year.

Read More........

Tuesday, July 26, 2016

Global: Eight GRC Members Elected to IGA Board

Results of the IGA Board of Directors Elections for 2016-2019

The International Geothermal Association have announced the results of the election for the IGA Board for 2016-2019.

31 IGA members were elected including 8 members of the GRC.


IGA BoD 2016-2019

Bjarnason, Bjarni
Iceland
 *

Blair, Andy
New Zealand
 *

Bracke, Rolf
Germany

Brophy, Paul (GRC)
USA

Brotheridge, Jane
New Zealand
 *

Capuano, Jr, Louis (GRC)
USA
 *

Darma, Surya
Indonesia
 *

Della Vedova, Bruno
Italy

Fronda, Ariel D.
Philippines
 *

Genter, Albert
France

Georgsson, Ludvik S.
Iceland

Harvey, Colin
New Zealand
 *

Izquierdo-Montalvo, Georgina
Mexico
 *

Kepinska, Beata
Poland

Matthíasdóttir, Kristín Vala
Iceland
 *

Meier, Peter
Switzerland
 *

Morata, Diego
Chile
 *

Moya, Paul (GRC)
Costa Rica
 *

Newson, Juliet
New Zealand
**

Omenda, Peter
Kenya
 *

Poernomo, Abadi (GRC)
Indonesia

Richter, Alexander
Iceland

Rueter, Horst (GRC)
Germany
 *

Sabin, Andrew (GRC)
USA
 *

Salonga, Noel
Philippines
 *

Svalova, Valentina
Russia
 *

Szita, Gábor
Hungary

Uchida, Toshihiro (GRC)
Japan

Verdoya, Massimo
Italy
 *

Yamada, Shigeto (GRC)
Japan

Zarrouk, Sadiq
New Zealand

*
New 1st term sitting BoD member 2013-2016

**
President from 2013-2016

Indonesia: Italian Company to Refurbish 30 MW Kamojang Geothermal Power Plant

Ansaldo Energia awarded contracts in Indonesia worth 80 million euros (POWER magazine)

Italian company Ansaldo Energia has received Notices to Proceed on two contracts signed late in 2015 worth a total of about 80 million euros.

One covers the total refurbishment of a 30 MW geothermal plant located in Kamojang in western Java. Ansaldo Energia is acting as EPC and supplying the geothermal steam turbine and relative air-cooled generator. The customer is PT PLN company Indonesia Power. The two contracts increase the total geothermal output installed by Ansaldo Energia in the area to 270 MW.

The company recently opened a branch office in Jakarta to seize opportunities in the Southeast Asian market

Monday, July 25, 2016

USA, Wyoming: Two-Day Fieldtrip on Yellowstone Geothermal Features

Fieldtrip - Yellowstone Geothermal Systems

September 15-16, Led by Marc Hendrix, Ph.D., AIM Geoanalytics


Philippines: Drilling at 25 MW Mabini Geothermal Project to be Completed by September

Basic to complete geothermal drilling (The Standard)

The consortium of Basic Energy Corp. and Trans-Asia Oil and Energy Development Corp. is on track to complete the drilling of Mabini geothermal power project in Batangas by September.

Basic said in a disclosure to the stock exchange on Monday once drilling reached a depth of 1,500 meters, testing at Mabini geothermal project would follow.

Basic Energy senior vice president Anthony Cuaycong said drilling was projected to reach 78 days from spud date of June 15.

“The anchor casing has been installed at a depth of 373 meters, allowing coring operations to commence at that depth, to reach a target depth of 1,500 meters,” Basic said.

Core drilling operation reached a depth of 409 meters as of July 20, 2016.

“The well is projected to validate the geothermal resource that would be capable of fueling a 25 MW power plant,” it said.

Read More........

GRC Annual Meeting and GEA Geothermal Energy Expo - Preliminary Program Now Available

Preliminary Program for the Geothermal Energy Event of the Year!


USA, New Mexico: Navajo Power Company Approves Geothermal Energy Feasibility Study

NTEC turns its attention to clean energy (Farmington Daily Times)

The Navajo Transitional Energy Co., or NTEC, moved closer to adding renewable energy development to its energy portfolio after Tohatchi Chapter approved a feasibility study for the company's proposed geothermal project at a hot springs on the east side of Tohatchi.

Tohatchi Chapter members on June 22 passed a resolution that gave the go-ahead for NTEC to seek "resource exploration" and the study.

NTEC spokesman Erny Zah said the entity plans to spend approximately $84,600 on the study, which is being led by graduate students from the Colorado School of Mines in Golden, Colo.

Last fall, NTEC established a partnership with the school to develop the project, which would also add jobs and support student research and project collaboration by Navajo Technical University students and faculty, according to GRC Board Director Masami Nakagawa, Colorado School of Mines associate professor.

Preliminary tests of the subsurface water bubbling up in Tohatchi showed it is about 38 degrees Celsius, or 100.4 degrees Fahrenheit, not quite warm enough to produce power without help, Nakagawa said.

Global: Registration Now Open for Geothermal Event

Register now for the geothermal event of the year


Don't miss out on the early bird discount and register for the largest annual geothermal conference in the world, the GRC Annual Meeting and GEA Geothermal Energy Expo.

There are several ways to register for the GRC Annual Meeting:

Register Online (preferred method)*:
  • Connect directly to our Registration Website
  • Log on with your GRC Member ID and Password or create one if you are not in our database.
  • Click on " Register Myself" 
  • Select your registration options! 
Group Registrations:
Download the Registration Form, fill it out and email, fax, or mail it to us:
Registration Form (PDF) 
*Please Note: For online registrations, you will need your login id and password or you can create one if you are not in our database. If you do not know your login id or password, please contact the GRC office by phone at (530) 758-2360 ext 100 or by email at alay@geothermal.org.

GRC Geothermal News Resource is Followed by 3,300 Around the World

GRC Twitter Feed Reaches 3,300 Followers!

The Twitter feed of the Geothermal Resources Council has reached the milestone of 3,300 Followers!

Launched in June 2011, The Geothermal Resources Council (GRC) has posted almost 11,000 Tweets, short 140-character messages, on the GRC Twitter website attracting over 3,300 followers and in turn following the news and information from over 2,400 sources.

As the oldest information and education association in the global geothermal energy community, the GRC is the trusted source for the latest geothermal energy news.

Get the latest Geothermal Energy news on your desktop computer or mobile device: https://twitter.com/GRC2001

Thanks for all our followers in the global geothermal community for your continued support.

Friday, July 22, 2016

USA, Idaho: U.S. Geothermal Has 96 MW Geothermal Energy in Development

U.S. Geothermal Targets Billion Dollar Growth In Rapidly Growing Renewable Energy (SECfilings.com)

Renewable energy is attracting more attention and more investment because Renewable Portfolio Standards have been implemented in several states to reduce energy produced from traditional fossil fuel energy plants that are known to emit excessive carbon into the atmosphere. Renewable Portfolio Standards require increased production of energy from renewable energy sources, such as wind, solar, and geothermal.

A few examples of states taking action to create more energy from renewable sources are California, Nevada, and Oregon. Governor Brown signed into law SB-350 that requires 50% renewable energy by 2030, the closure of 2,200 MW San Onofre nuclear power plant, and the retirement of 19,000 GWh of coal burning power plants. Nevada SB-123 requires closure of ~1200 MW of Coal plants replaced with at least 600 MW of renewables. Oregon SB-1547 requires 50% renewable energy by 2040 and discontinues coal generation by 2030.

New Zealand: Record Geothermal Generation for Mighty River Power in 2016

Mighty River Power Quarterly Operational Update (News Release)

Geothermal generation for FY16 was the company’s highest ever at 2,830 GWh (up 2% on FY15) due to availability of 95.5% over the year and the impact of the turbine replacement at Nga Awa Purua.

For the quarter, geothermal generation was down slightly on pcp to 702 GWh, due to maintenance activity at Ngatamariki.

Thursday, July 21, 2016

Canada: Valemount is Ideal Candidate for Direct-Use Geothermal Energy

Valemount leads geothermal way: Geoscience B.C. (The Rocky Mountain Goat)

Valemount is an ideal candidate for direct-use geothermal energy, according to a report released by Geoscience B.C., as it suggests the Village of Valemount is at an advanced stage in planning for direct-use geothermal heat.

The report states, “Very few communities in B.C. have considered direct-use geothermal energy,” but Valemount is an exception.

“Valemount is one of the most progressive communities when it comes to geothermal…  It is the poster child,” says Carlos Salas, vice president of energy for Geoscience B.C.

Read More........

Science & Technology: Jackhammer Design for Geothermal Drilling

Designing a geothermal drilling tool that can take the heat (Sandia National Laboratories)

(Photo by Randy Montoya) 
Sandia National Laboratories and a commercial firm have designed a drilling tool that will withstand the heat of geothermal drilling.

The downhole hammer attaches to the end of a column of drill pipe and cuts through rock with a rapid hammering action similar to that of a jackhammer. Downhole hammers are not new — the oil and gas and mining industries have used them since the 1950s — but the older design, with its reliance on oil-based lubricants, plastic and rubber O-rings, isn’t suited for the hotter temperatures of geothermal drilling.

“The technology behind the new hammer is fundamentally the same, but Sandia worked with Sweden-based Atlas Copco in material selection and dry lubricant technology that will work in the high-temperature environment,” said mechanical engineer Jiann Su, Sandia’s principal investigator on the project with Atlas Copco, which operates worldwide and makes specialized equipment and systems for drilling, mining and construction.

The Department of Energy (DOE) Geothermal Technologies Office funded Atlas Copco as prime contractor on the project, and the company partnered with Sandia as the subcontractor.

Indonesia: GRC Geothermal Workshop in Jakarta

INAGA Pre Conference Workshop - Presented by the GRC

August 8-9, 2016

Practical Strategies for Exploration Drilling and Resource Evaluation

Join us for a 2-day workshop focusing on early drilling in greenfield project areas, including strategies for managing risks and how to obtain the best information for understanding and evaluating a geothermal resource. Real-world experiences of successes and challenges during the early drilling phase will be shared by instructors and participants.

A special two-day GRC Workshop is to be held before the 4th Indonesia International Geothermal Convention and Exhibition (IIGCE) 2016, to be held from 10-12 August 2016 at the Jakarta Convention Center (JCC).
  • Ann Robertson-Tait, Senior Geologist and Business Development Manager for GeothermEx, A Schlumberger Company
  • Dennis Kaspereit, Vice President-Resource Management for Geothermal Resource Group
Day 1: Drilling Surface and Subsurface Preparation
Day 2: Drilling Overview of Different Types of Geothermal Wells

For registration please email iigce.registration@iigce.com or
contact Nadine +62 812 8595 7477

More Information........

Wednesday, July 20, 2016

Kenya: EIB Approves Financing of 70 MW Unit 6 Extension of Olkaria I Geothermal Power Plant

European Investment bank approves €9.4bn in new loans (News Release)

The Board of Directors of the European Investment Bank, representing the bank’s 28 EU member state shareholders, as well as the European Commission, today approved EUR 9.4 billion of new financing for 56 projects across Europe and around the world.

In the area of sustainable and renewable energy, the EIB board agreed to finance the extension of the Olkaria 1 Geothermal plant and rural electrification in Kenya

Read More.........

USA, Idaho: Salt Lake City Commits to 100% Renewable Energy by 2032

Salt Lake City Commits to Landmark Clean Energy and Climate Change Resolution (News Release)

Today, Salt Lake City Mayor Jackie Biskupski, members of the City Council, other city leaders, and members of the business and non-profit community gathered on the steps of City Hall to launch Salt Lake City’s initiative to transition the community to 100% renewable energy sources by 2032 and to reduce carbon emissions citywide by 80% by 2040.

The commitment, called Climate Positive 2040, comes as a result of a Joint Resolution signed by Mayor Biskupski and the Salt Lake City Council on Tuesday.

The GRC has held its Annual Meeting in Salt Lake City in the past and are considering the capital of Utah for a future event.

Read More........

South Africa: Opportunities for Geothermal Energy Development

Geothermal exploration for S Africa a possibility, funding a major challenge (Creamer Media's Engineering News)

While geothermal energy is renewable and can be used for baseload supply, the major challenge surrounding this type of energy in South Africa is that geothermal exploration is expensive, which is why it has yet to be undertaken in the country, says Royal Haskoning energy consultant David Johnson.

Speaking at the PowerGen Africa conference in Sandton, Gauteng, on Wednesday, Johnson added that most of South Africa had very low geothermal potential, owing to the country’s temperate climate.

Johnson added, however, that there were potentially suitable resources in South Africa, owing to the presence of hot springs in the country.

Read More........

Tuesday, July 19, 2016

USA: Geothermal Energy Potential - New Mexico State Guide Now Available

Additional State-by-State Guide Show Geothermal Uses for Meeting New EPA Standards (News Release)

New Mexico added to collection

The Geothermal Resources Council (GRC), Geothermal Energy Association (GEA) and Geo-Exchange Organization (GEO) have released guidance for another state on meeting new clean energy standards from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The free state-by-state guides walk through the benefits and uses of three major types of geothermal applications: power generation, direct use and heat pumps, and initially cover Arizona, California, Oregon, Montana, Nevada, Idaho, Colorado and Utah. A guide for New Mexico is now available (PDF).

State-by-State Guides on the GRC Website......


El Salvador: The Berlin Geothermal Power Plant Helps Local Women's Workforce

Harvesting Geothermal Energy (Momentum for Change)

Harvesting Geothermal Energy from Momentum for Change on Vimeo.

Traditional agricultural practices have low production rates in rural areas of El Salvador. As a result, female farmers’ incomes are very low. In addition, the traditional agricultural practices in El Salvador’s rural areas are carbon intensive. Wood and other fossil fuels are typically burnt to dehydrate fruit and pump water, which releases greenhouse gas emissions and causes climate change.

Women from rural communities in El Salvador are increasing their incomes and tackling climate change through a unique project called Harvesting Geothermal Energy that uses waste heat and steam condensates from nearby geothermal plants. Women living in communities near the geothermal plants use waste heat from the geothermal steam to dehydrate fruit for themselves and for commercial sale. They also grow and sell plants watered with geothermal condensates. Four women are permanently employed as rangers in a wildlife protection park, which has been established in the geothermal field. Through this project, women are able to run a productive business while earning a sustainable income.

Read More.........

USA, Nevada: GRC Annual Meeting Venue Takes Advantage of On-Site Geothermal Resource

Peppermill files notice to leave NV Energy (Reno Gazette Journal)

Dean Parker, Peppermill Executive Director of Facilities
shows off the geothermal heated swimming  pool to
GRC Annual Meeting attendees in October 2012.
Another hotel casino operator is planning to leave NV Energy and acquire electricity elsewhere.

Peppermill Casinos, Inc., notified the Public Utilities Commission of Nevada that it wants to leave NV Energy. The owner of the Peppermill Resort Spa Casino in Reno is seeking to “purchase energy, capacity, and/or ancillary services from a provider of new electric resources” according to a filing with the PUC dated July 14.

The Peppermill also mentioned renewable energy when asked about its intent to leave NV Energy, touting its $9.7 million investment in on-site geothermal heat generation.

"We are committed to continuing that investment in responsible and renewable energy sources," Parker said.

USA, New Mexico: Public Meetings on Possible Santa Fe Geothermal Energy Development

Officials weigh geothermal energy leases near Valles Caldera (Santa Fe New Mexican)

Officials said Monday that parts of the Santa Fe National Forest could be leased for exploration and development of geothermal energy as early as 2017.

The U.S. Geological Survey has identified 195,000 acres west and north of the Valles Caldera National Preserve in the Coyote, Jemez and Española ranger districts as having significant geothermal potential. And last week the Santa Fe National Forest released a statement draft on the environmental impact to help guide forest managers determine the viability of geothermal energy development on public lands.

“The big question right now,” said Larry Gore, a geologist with the Santa Fe National Forest, “Is there a resource north of the Caldera that could be developed? And that is completely unknown at this time.”
  • Public meeting on a geothermal project in Jemez Pueblo, 6 p.m. to 7:30 Tuesday, July 19, Walatowa Visitor Center Conference Room, 7413 N.M. 4, Jemez Pueblo, NM 87024
  • Public meeting on a geothermal project in El Rito, 6 p.m. to 7:30 Wednesday, July 20, Rio Arriba County Rural Events Center, 122-A N.M. 554, El Rito, NM 87530

Read More........

Science & Technology: Magnetic Nanoparticles Separate Rare Earth Elements from Geothermal Brine

Magnets used to extracts valuable rare earth elements from geothermal plants (domain-B)

Pete McGrail
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) laboratory fellow, Pete McGrail, and his team developed a new process to extract rare earth elements from geothermal brine using magnets and a unique nanomaterial. The new method introduces magnetic nanoparticles that have a shell made of metal organic frameworks (MOFs), into the geothermal brine.

The MOF outer layer carries molecules that are attractive to rare earth elements, causing the elements to stick to the nanoparticle. The brine is then passed through a magnetic separator to remove the nanoparticles, which are then treated to extract the attached rare earth elements. The now nanoparticle-free brine is then re-injected back underground as normal in a geothermal plant.

Using this method, PNNL test results showed a nearly perfect rare earth element extraction rate - 99.99 percent, and attractive economics overall.

Read More........

Armenia: Exploration Drilling for 30 MW Karkar Geothermal Project Begins

First-ever geothermal power station to be built in Armenia (PanARMENIAN.Net)

Drilling works have launched for the construction of a geothermal power station in Karkar community of Armenia's Syunik province, the first-of-its-kind plant in the country.

In case the results of geological surveys carried out in the area are approved, a 30 MW geothermal power station will be constructed here with an annual production capacity of up to 250 million kilowatts of electricity.

The drilling works are co-financed by the Climate Investment Fund and the government which have provided $9 million and $2 million, respectively. Three wells with a depth of 1500 meters each will be dug. Based on the results, a final assessment of the area's geothermal resource will be provided.

Accordingly, an international tender will be announced to find investors for the construction of the station, priority will be given to the participant offering the lowest price.

Read More.........

Global: Deadline for International Geothermal Association Elections is Today

IGA Board Elections 2016-2019

IGA members are invited to vote for up to 30 candidates until the end of today, 19 July 2016.


The online voting platform for the IGA Board of Directors election is now available on the IGA website.

All IGA members are invited to vote for up to 30 Board candidates with their personal login details until Tuesday, 19 July 2016. All Board candidates including their statements are displayed online.

The new IGA Board of Directors will commence their work in October 2016 and be active until October 2019. Usually, the IGA Board consists of 30 Board members representing many different countries (see current Board members list).

All GRC Members are automatically members of the IGA and are therefore eligible to vote in the election.

Of the 43 candidates 10 are GRC Members:
  • Andy Blair (New Zealand) 
  • Paul Brophy (USA) 
  • Louis Capuano, Jr (USA) 
  • Varun Chandrasekhar (India) 
  • Gustavo Cuellar (El Salvador) 
  • Paul Moya (Costa Rica) 
  • Abadi Poernomo (Indonesia) 
  • Andrew Sabin (USA) 
  • Toshihiro Uchida (Japan) 
  • Shigeto Yamada (Japan) 

Monday, July 18, 2016

USA, Idaho: Direct Use of Geothermal for Citrus, Wheat, Rye, Pinto Beans and Tilapia Production

L. Geothermal greenhouses (Maryville Daily Forum)


It’s called the Miracle Mile. In a one-mile radius around Onsen Farms south of Hagerman, many properties with an abundance of spring water and geothermal wells grow a variety of produce such as citrus, wheat, rye and pinto beans.

Onsen Farms owner James Reed’s unique water resources allow him to heat his 10,000-square-foot greenhouses and grow produce during the winter. Reed typically sells food from November to June, but he plans to switch to a year-round growing season this fall and collaborate with neighboring farmers.

He recently dug a tilapia pond and will dig one for trout. These ponds will be the first at Onsen Farms to be managed for protein.

Read More........

Iran: Plans to Develop Geothermal Energy and Other Reneables

Iran plans first tender to draw $12 billion renewable-energy investment (REVE)

(Courtesy CIA.gov)
Iran is planning its first tender for utility-scale renewable-energy projects by year end as it begins a green power build out that could draw $12 billion of investment by the time it’s complete.

The nation wants to install 5 gigawatts of renewable energy in the next five years and an additional 2.5 gigawatts by 2030, Iran’s energy minister Hamid Chitchian said.

Iran will tender 1 gigawatt of wind and as many as 3 gigawatts of solar, likely in several stages, Chitchian said. It is also seeking to build biomass and geothermal plants and swap natural gas for electricity with Armenia.

Read More........