Installed geothermal power capacity in the REmap scenario would rise from 100 MW in the Reference Case to 1,000 MW by 2030.
There are three large-scale geothermal power plants in operation in Kamchatka: two of them of 12 MW and one of 50 MW total installed capacity. These are located in the Verkhne Mutnovsky and Mutnovsky fields, respectively, while another plant, with a total installed capacity of 11 MW, is located in the Pauzhetsky field.
In addition, on the Kuril Islands (Kunashir and Iturup) two small-scale plants are in operation with capacities of 3.6 MW each (Svalova and Povarov, 2015).
Russia has a significant potential for geothermal. Numerous regions in the country contain reserves of hot geothermal fluid. These reserves have temperatures ranging between 50°C and 200°C. Depths range between 200 m and 3 km. The main areas in the country with good potential include the European part of Russia (central Russia, northern Caucasus, and Dagestan), Siberia (Baikal rift area), the Krasnoyarsk region, Chukotka, Sakhalin, the Kamchatka Peninsula and the Kuril Islands. In total, there is a potential of some 2 GW of electricity and more than 3 GW of heating capacity (Svalova and Povarov, 2015).