Thursday, September 17, 2015

Union of the Comoros: Geothermal Energy is a Hope for Island Nation

Geothermal energy, a bet on the future (United Nations Development Programme)

In the Comoros, a small southwestern island nation in the Indian Ocean, electricity is almost 100 percent from fossil fuels, and the government is struggling to meet the energy needs of the country’s 700,000 inhabitants. For example, the people in the capital Moroni have just over five hours of electricity a day. In the three islands of the archipelago, the rates of access to electricity do not exceed 50 percent which inevitably impacts the economic activities of the country.

Geothermal energy in the Comoros would begin an ‘energy transition’ by increasing the share of clean energy, which is now almost zero. In addition, reducing dependence on fossil fuels and on their prices set by international markets would ensure better energy security. This model has already proved successful in countries like New Zealand, where almost 70 percent of its energy is renewable. And it represents hope for developing countries like the Comoros, which has unexplored natural resources.

Geothermal energy is a bet on the future. A bet on clean and renewable energy for the economic and industrial transformation of the country. A bet on sustainable development.

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